Google Scholar – Search Universities, Theses, Academic Books

Google Scholar provides a simple way to broadly search for scholarly literature. From one place, you can search across many disciplines and sources: articles, theses, books, abstracts and court opinions, from academic publishers, professional societies, online repositories, universities and other web sites. Google Scholar helps you find relevant work across the world of scholarly research.

Try Google Scholar

Features of Google Scholar

  • Search diverse sources from one convenient place
  • Find articles, theses, books, abstracts or court opinions
  • Locate the complete document through your library or on the web
  • Learn about key scholarly literature in any area of research


Google Scholar aims to rank documents the way researchers do, weighing the full text of each document, where it was published, who it was written by, as well as how often and how recently it has been cited in other scholarly literature. Google works with scholarly publishers to index works from all research disciplines and make them searchable on Google Scholar.

Searching Tips

Search By Author

Use the “author:” operator, e.g., author:”d knuth” or author:”donald e knuth”.

Search by Title

Put the paper’s title in quotations: “A History of the China Sea.”

Search for court opinions

Select Legal opinions and journals on the Google Scholar homepage or in the dropdown menu on the search results page.

Search for court opinions from a particular jurisdiction

You can select specific jurisdictions on the Advanced Scholar Search link in the Google Scholar Home Page.

“Related articles” link

It finds documents similar to the given search result.

Search for papers in specific publications

Within the Advanced Search page, you can specify keywords which must appear in both the article and the publication name.

Search by category

From the Advanced Scholar Search link in the Google Scholar Home Page, you can search for scholarly literature within several broad areas of research. You can also limit your search to legal opinions and journals.

Search Library

All users of Google Scholar will see a ‘Library Search’ link for book results. Clicking on this link will direct them to the WorldCat system which will allow them to find a list of nearby libraries that have the desired book.

By clicking Get email alerts for new publications link in Google Scholar Home Page and entering your email id, you will get periodic email alerts on newly published papers that match your search criteria.

Publication restrict

A publication-restricted search only returns results with specific words from a specific publication. This option is only available on the Advanced Scholar Search.

Date Restrict

Date-restricted searches can be effective when you’re looking for the latest developments in a given area. The drop-down menu labeled anytime, which is available on all search results pages, allows you to limit the search to commonly used recent periods.

Google Scholar also supports most of the advanced operators in Google web search:

  • the “+” operator makes sure your results include common words, letters or numbers that Google’s search technology generally ignores, as in [+de knuth];
  • the “-” operator excludes all results that include this search term, as in [flowers -author:flowers];
  • phrase search only returns results that include this exact phrase, as in [“as you like it”];
  • the “OR” operator returns results that include either of your search terms, as in [stock call OR put];
  • the “intitle:” operator as in [intitle:mars] only returns results that include your search term in the document’s title.

You can link your website to Google Scholar so that users find peer-reviewed papers, theses, and other scholarly materials directly from your webpages. Give your site the power of Google Scholar


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